Tag Archives: Media

Production Log: The Editing Process

Now that Emelia and I FINALLY have our footage we can begin editing. We have completely scrapped our original opening as we want to have a fresh start in the hope of a much more successful opening! Once again, Emelia and I are editing on Final Cut Pro X. We have used this many times before and so can jump straight in with beginning editing again. Due to the fact that Emelia and I decided to refilm our entire opening, we are even more pushed for time as groups around us are finishing editing before we have even begun!

Firstly, we had to import all of our new footage. We have made a completely new folder on the desktop as well in order to keep all of our version two separate from our version one. We then had to import all of the sound. This time around, we had lots to import and match to clips. The first thing that Emelia and I did was to create a rough cut…

For this, we once again solely focused on the order of the clips so that we could receive feedback on the filming and storyline rather than syncing of sound and fonts! Luckily, people agreed with us that our second go around was better than our first. We were extremely happy with this; however, our rough cut was 3 minutes 12 seconds long and we needed to cut it down to 2 minutes! In order to do so, Emelia and I began by cutting out the footage that was necessary. For example, we have many different shots of Rosie walking up and down the stairs. For actions such as these, the audience do not need a visual example of it in order to understand what is going on. Because of this, we cut out quite a few shots of everyday actions. The next area that we focused upon was the breakfast making part. This took up a large portion of the opening and so we had to fine tune this heavily. However, once cut down, this aspect to the opening did not make perfect sense as the bread seemed to be toasting in a millisecond. This was because the shot of Rosie putting the bread into the toaster was immediately followed by the shot of her taking it out, fully toasted. In order to resolve this I added in a fade in order to display the passing of time. I also did this in-between the shots of Rosie getting the tray where her direction of walking changes immediately. After cutting out many shots, Emelia and I decided to cut down the beginning and ends of many as they were necessarily long. This actually helped with the overall flow of our film opening as the lengths of shots were perfected.

Our next task was to import our two idents. Once imported, Emelia and I moved them onto the timeline of our opening. Of course they went right at the beginning and after one another. However, I added in a fade before the first one and in between the two as this helped with the flow even more. Without the fade, the transition between the two idents was too sudden and too sharp. We then had to create the parts of the film labelling the production company, names of director(s) and names of actors. As well as this, we had to add in the final title sequence! This was fairly easy due to our research into codes and conventions of film openings and fonts. In the end, Emelia and I went with a simple yet slightly gothic looking font; this fit in perfectly with our genre of thriller.

The next task was to add sound. Firstly, Emelia and I added in the diegetic sounds such as the footsteps, heavy breathing, rolling of the blind and footsteps crunching in the leaves. However, we focussed on the syncing of the sound rather than the volume as we believed that we should be worrying about that later with the non diegetic soundtrack layered over the top. When we were happy with the syncing of the diegetic sounds, Emelia and I searched the Final Cut Pro X sound effect menu for exaggerated sounds such as birds singing. We found an array of different birds singing but managed to pick the perfect one. We decided to add this in in the beginning and towards the end of the film opening in an attempt to bring it all together. We then had to add our soundtrack. This was fairly easy, however messed around with all of the other sounds as it, at first, drowned them all out. However, this did not last long as Emelia and I lowered the dynamics of the soundtrack so that you could hear the other sounds easily.

After this, I added in the gradual colour palette. To do this, I used an effect but set it so that it began to intensify at a constant yet steady pace from a certain moment up until the dead body. The blue, negative colour palette is at it’s most intense when the young girl is shown to be looking down at her dead Mother. This displays the emotions that she is feeling and shows that her whole world has just been turned upside down; this also allows the audience to feel empathy towards her as they feel connected through the tone of the ending.

After showing our classmates many times and watching it over and over again ourselves, Emelia and I feel as though our two minute film opening is finished. We are happy with it but believe that with more luck, more experience with the experience and a longer time period it could have been a whole lot better. However, with the endless problems that came my way, I am happy with what I managed to achieve!

 

Colour Palette…

Initially, Emelia and I had planned to include a cold and negative colour palette in our film opening. We planned to mix a cold colour palette with a dark colour palette in attempt to create an uncomfortable and foreboding tone for our thriller film. However, when editing (and with the opinion of our classmates and teachers), Emelia and I have decided not to add a colour palette. We have chosen not to do this because the brightness of our shots are aesthetically pleasing. Also, the colouring does not look as though it has come straight off of a camera as Emelia and I had initially thought it would! As well as this, Emelia and I do not believe that a cold and dark colour palette would fit in with the innocent nature and tone of the beginning of the opening. For all of these reasons, plus many more, we have decided not to add a constant colour palette to our film opening.

However, I felt as though we should incorporate something to do with this since we had researched into it. I also felt as though we could do something with the colour to fit the emotions being felt by the young girl in an attempt to allow the audience to empathise with her. Because of this, with the help of one of my teachers, towards the end of the film opening the colour gradually turns to a cold and dark palette. The colours involved are based around blues and purples. These colours intensify as the negative emotions of the young girl would in real life up until they reach their most intense pigmentation at the point where the young girl sees her dead mother. I have included this into the end of our film opening because I feel as though it helps the audience to see what has happened through the young girls eyes and so allows them to feel more emotionally involved. However, I was worried that this gradual increase in opacity of negative colours would make it look as though I made a mistake with lighting when filming. Because of this, I showed the class and asked for opinions on whether to keep it or not. However, when showing the class this, Emelia and I received various positive points of feedback. Because of this, we decided to leave it in.

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Feedback on Editing…

Throughout the editing process, Emelia and I showed our teachers and classmates our film opening so far. Each time, we received constructive criticism and also positive feedback that allowed us to fine-tune our opening. With the feedback being from so many different people, Emelia and I hoped that we could perfect our film opening due to the range of suggestions. Some of these suggestions included…

  • Audio: Our diegetic sound was not consistent throughout our opening. This was because the volumes varied too much and so to fix this Emelia and I had to note down which volumes were too high or too low and had to alter them . For example, towards the beginning of the opening the young girl is shown to be opening the blinds. At first, the sound of the blinds opening was way too loud and so we had to turn this down. On the other hand, there were some diegetic sounds that we wanted exaggerated such as the footsteps crunching in the leaves; this is because this creates tension and depth into the shot.
  • Time Frames: In our opening we show the young girl making breakfast. However, we include the shot of her putting the toast in the toaster immediately followed by the shot of her taking it out already toasted. Our classmates said that this confused them slightly as it does not take that short amount of time to toast bread! In order to get over this, I added a fade. This indicates time passing and so brings back a sense of time to the opening. I also added in a fade in-between the two shots of the young girl retrieving the tray as the immediate change of her walking direction also put off people. Once again, the fade displays the passing of time.
  • Direction of Steps: In the outside scene, Emelia and I included various shots of the young girl’s feet walking. From feedback, it was clear that two of these shots were filmed the wrong way around in order for the opening to make complete sense. Although we could not go and film again, this could be easily rectified as we could simply flip the shots. When showing our film opening to the class after doing so, people agreed that it looked correct and made sense.
  • Length of Opening: Emelia and I started out with a lot of footage, if not too much! Because of this, our 2 minute opening was looking as if it was going to be around the 4 minute mark. We needed to cut down drastically and so looked for advice into which parts to cut. We were advised not to include so many different angles of the same shot and not to have shots of unnecessary things. We were then advised to cut down the individual clips so that the film opening would flow more.
  • Non Diegetic Sound: In our penultimate screening, it was suggested that Emelia and I turned up our non diegetic soundtrack slightly as in some places you could not hear it due to the exaggerated diegetic sounds. This was not hard to change but changed the tone of our film opening quite heavily… however, Emelia and I feel as though it changed it for the better.

As well as constructive criticism, the class gave us positive feedback. Overall, they liked the brightness of our shots and stated that the opening made perfect sense. However, the aspect that received the most feedback was on our final shot. People asked how we created it and when we explained they were fairly intrigued and impressed. Overall, Emelia and I were extremely grateful for the feedback given to us from our classmates and teachers. It allowed us to have various characters viewing our film and also allowed a fresh eye to pick out the silly mistakes that we may have missed from watching close up on the small screen. With this feedback, Emelia and I hope to create a professional film opening to be proud of!

Rough Cut Version 2…

Now that Emelia and I had all of our footage, we could once again begin the editing process. The first thing that Emelia and I aimed to do was to create another rough cut so that we could show the class and our teachers our new footage. Emelia and I put the various clips together into an order that we deemed suitable. Our rough cut includes no sound, no music, no idents and no title. Because of this, it was quite hard for our classmates to give constructive criticism that we did not already know. However, they noticed the brighter lighting and focus on sticking to rules such as the 180 Degree Rule. Our first rough cut is over one minute longer than our film opening has to be and so Emelia and I have a lot of work to do. Here is our first rough cut of our second version opening…!

Last Shot of Film Opening…

For our last shot of our 2 minute film opening, Emelia and I would like to tilt the camera upwards in order to reveal the young girl staring at her dead mother and then move further upwards in order to reveal the title of the film in the sky. However, we would like to move the camera as it tilts upwards and so would not be able to do this effectively whilst using a tripod. On the other hand, Emelia and I did not want to try and complete this shot using free hand as the footage would be extremely shaky and unprofessional. If the last shot of our film were to be shaky, it could ruin our whole film opening! In order to get over this problem, our media teacher gave us the idea to make our own prop to help us complete a CRANE SHOT. He gave us the idea to create a sort of see-saw, we would attach the camera on one side of a pole. We would then prop this pole up on something such as a block of wood so that when we pushed down on one end, the camera would rise at the other end. I mentioned this idea to my Dad and asked him to help me make it, he was happy to help. The next morning, he came to me with a new idea. He suggested that I attach my phone camera, using a tripod for iPhones, onto the wheel of a bike. He then suggested that I would turn the bike around so that it is balancing on the handle bars. I could then use the wheel to move the camera smoothly. Here is some footage to show me doing this whilst filming the final shot of our film…

I am happy with how this footage turned out as it is fairly smooth and creates the effect that we had hoped for. Here is one example of a shot whilst using this method…

Costume Change…

In our original film opening, Emelia and I made a silly mistake when filming. We had Rosie wearing a dress because we wanted to target the stereotypes; however, our first shot includes Rosie waking up and so it did not make sense for Rosie to be waking up already fully dressed! Because of this, we decided to change what Rosie would be wearing in the film opening. Because the film opening is based in the morning, we thought that it would make most sense for Rosie to wake up in her pyjamas.We also wanted to keep it childish and innocent as this makes the ending to the opening even more shocking. At first, we wanted Rosie to wear pink, fluffy pyjamas in attempt to stick to certain stereotypes. However, we didn’t want our film to seem too cliché and so let Rosie pick her favourite pyjamas as this would make her feel more comfortable which we hoped would come across in her acting! The pyjamas that Rosie chose was in fact a onesie. Although this was not what we had initially expected, we were happy with her choice as the onesie actually made her look younger. It is also very common for young children to wear onesies as pyjamas and so we supported her idea. The onesie is blue with snowflakes all over it. This links directly to our colour scheme and the aimed warmth of the film opening! When coming over to film, Rosie had forgotten her Wellington Boots. Luckily, I have some pink/red ones that actually fit her. The pink boots allow us to include the stereotypes that we were previously going to include with the pyjamas. I am happy with how her outfit fits together…

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In our original film, Rosie’s hair stayed in the two pigtails throughout; this helped the continuity of the opening as her hair remained in one position and so we decided to do this again. Rosie also remembered to bring the two purple ribbons and so I tied these in two bows in her hair. The ribbon highlights her innocence which allows the ending to seem even more shocking! We are happy with the costume and hair for Rosie’s character as it adds naïvety and innocence which clashes with the ending; therefore making the audience feel on edge and uncomfortable.