Various forms of professional equipment were offered to Emelia and I. Firstly, Emelia and I were given one of the school’s Nikon cameras. These were high quality and fairly easy to use once you had the right idea. Along with these, we were given a tripod. Emelia and I used the tripod in each shot used in our film opening as it helped us to have a steady and still shot. Alongside these, we were given a sound recorder and boom pole. These allowed us to record high quality sound. Emelia and I were offered to use the dolly and/or steadicam. In our original version of the opening, Emelia and I decided to use the dolly. We found it fairly easy to use, but extremely hard to transport due to its large size! However, in our second version Emelia and I decided to stick to our steady shots on the tripod. We declined the offer to use the dolly and steadicam as we felt that our film opening would look more professional and legitimate with a mix of static shots. We also made our own equipment for the last shot and so did not need to use the steadicam or dolly!
We were introduced to various new terms and terminology. We focused on Camerawork and new various techniques and terms to do with it…
- Wide shot – A wide shot is the most common shot used in cinema. It displays the character from the waist up which doing so shows the environment in the background. Wide shots are also known as mid shots and medium shots.
- Long shot – A long shot is similar to a wide shot but taken from further away. It shows the feet to the top of the head.
- Extreme long shot – The extreme shot is a further away long shot. It displays more of the environment that the character is in.
- Close Up
-A close up shot frames the face of a character. It is a commonly used shot and can display emotions and reactions.
- Extreme Close Up – An extreme close up is much closer and displays features of the close up.
- Rule of Thirds – The rule of thirds includes 3 vertical and 3 horizontal columns in a grid. The points of interception of the lines guide you. Aligning the composition of the shot with these interceptions allows the shot to be more aesthetically pleasing.
- One Shot – A one shot displays one person in the shot.
- Two Shot/Three Shot – A two shot displays two people in the shot. This is often used to display a conversation between two actors. This is the same for a three shot but there are three characters shown rather than two.
- Point of View Shot – A point of view shot displays to the viewers what the audience are seeing.
- Over the Shoulder Shot – The over the shoulder shot displays the conversation and actions of two characters or more.
- Shallow Focus – A shallow focus is when the focus of the shot is very specifically on one thing/object. This draws the audiences attention to it.
- Deep Focus – In order to carry out deep focus in a shot, the camera operator would have to use a different lens. It is where everything in the shot is in focus.
- Focus Pull – Focus pull is where within one shot the focus changes from one object to another. This type of focus is often used to reveal something.
- Eye-Level Shot – An eye level shot is where the camera is on an angle so that the middle point is within eye level of the character. It is the most common angle used in cinema and film.
- High Angle Shot – This type of angle is where the camera is higher up and looking down on something.
- Low Angle Shot – A low angle shot is the opposite to a high angle shot and the two are often mixed up. The low angle shot is taken from a lower angle looking upwards. These two types of shot are often used to present the power and hierarchy of the characters involved in the video.
- Birds Eye View Shot – This angle is used when the camera is looking straight down, almost as if seeing the setting from the eye of a bird flying over.
- Down Shot – A down shot is similar to a birds eye view shot but is more limited. For example, seeing a table in a classroom rather than the whole school building.
- Up Shot – The up shot is the opposite to a birds eye view shot as the camera faces directly up. This shot may be used to display the view of someone stargazing for example.
- Dutch Tilt/Canted Angle/Oblique Angle – This type of camera angle is usually used for disorientation or confusion.
- Helicopter Shot – Helicopter shots are very common in film making, this is because there is lots of variety in shots, heights and positions available when using a helicopter. However, this is a very expensive type of movement as a helicopter is required to carry it out.
- Drone Shot – A drone shot includes almost all of the advantages of a helicopter shot but is much cheaper and is becoming more available to amateur film makers because of this.
- Wire Shot – Wire shots are relatively cheap to carry out. A filmmaking advantage to using wire as a move rn technique is that you can do the same shot precisely again and again and again.
- Crane Shot – A crane shot moves the camera very smoothly. Because of this they are commonly used.
- Dolly Shots are smooth, precise, repeatable techniques of movement.
- Dolly In, Dolly Out – Dolly in simply means that the camera is moving closer and vice versa for dolly out.
- Crab Shot – A crab shot uses a camera on the dolly track. However, the camera is at 90 degrees to the track and so moves sideways almost like a crab.
- Arch Shot – An arch shot is where the camera on the dolly is moving in an arch/circular motion.
- Pan – A pan is the movement of the camera from a fixed point moving horizontally.
- Tilt – A tilt is the movement of the camera from a fixed point moving vertically.
- Handheld shots are often filmed with the camera on the operators shoulder. Because of this, handheld shots are very manoeverable.
- Steadicam is in fact a brand name. The operator of the camera wears a harness with the camera and some weights attached to it. The weights allow the camera to be constantly balanced resulting in smooth movement.
- Zoom In – Where the shot is zooming into one point.
- Zoom Out (Also Known As… Reverse Zoom) – Where the shot is zooming out to display more.